Governance and Funding of Libraries

School Libraries: Municipal: School Trustees (elected), and Provincial: Ministry of Education.

The Ontario Ministry of Education administers the system of publicly funded elementary and secondary school education.

School boards receive money in two ways. First, some of the property taxes collected in your community go to your local school board. Second, the province tops up this amount to bring the total for each board up to the amount set out by the funding formula. The provincial funding formula takes into account the many factors that make each school board unique. Funding for individual schools is the responsibility of the school boards. Occasionally there are increases to the funding formula for certain initiatives. There is a suggested funding formula to fund school libraries.

Public Libraries: Municipal: Public Library Trustees (appointed and includes some municipal councilors who are elected), Provincial: Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport.

The Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Sport administrates the Public Libraries Act and statutory grants under the Act and develops provincial policies for public libraries. Municipal councils are responsible for appointing public library boards and they provide most of the funding for libraries (municipal tax dollars). A funding formula consists of a mix of provincial and municipal funding based on population sizes.

Academic Libraries: Provincial: Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities.
The Minister of Education and the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities are responsible for the administration of laws relating to education and skills training. The ministry is responsible for distributing funds allocated by the provincial legislature to colleges and universities. Colleges and Universities are also fee-based. The funding of academic libraries is at the discretion of the academic institution.