Governance and Funding of Libraries
School Libraries: Municipal: School Trustees (elected), and Provincial: Ministry of Education.
The Ontario Ministry of Education administers the system of publicly funded elementary and secondary school education.
School boards receive money in two ways. First, some of the property
taxes collected in your community go to your local school board. Second,
the province tops up this amount to bring the total for each board up
to the amount set out by the funding formula. The provincial funding
formula takes into account the many factors that make each school board
unique. Funding for individual schools is the responsibility of the
school boards. Occasionally there are increases to the funding formula
for certain initiatives. There is a suggested funding formula to fund
Public Libraries: Municipal: Public Library Trustees
(appointed and includes some municipal councilors who are elected),
Provincial: Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport.
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and Sport administrates the Public
Libraries Act and statutory grants under the Act and develops provincial
policies for public libraries. Municipal councils are responsible for
appointing public library boards and they provide most of the funding
for libraries (municipal tax dollars). A funding formula consists of a
mix of provincial and municipal funding based on population sizes.
Academic Libraries: Provincial: Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities.
The Minister of Education and the Minister of Training, Colleges and
Universities are responsible for the administration of laws relating to
education and skills training. The ministry is responsible for
distributing funds allocated by the provincial legislature to colleges
and universities. Colleges and Universities are also fee-based. The
funding of academic libraries is at the discretion of the academic